Diabetes can harm your eyes. It can damage the small blood vessels in your retina, the back part of your eye. This is called diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes also increases your risk of having glaucoma, cataracts, and other eye problems.
You may not know there is any damage to your eyes until the problem is very bad. Your doctor can catch problems early if you get regular eye exams.
If your doctor finds eye problems early, drugs and other treatments may help prevent them from getting worse.
You Need Regular Eye Exams
Every year, you should have an eye exam by an eye doctor. Choose an eye doctor who takes care of people with diabetes.
The eye exam may include:
Dilating your eyes to allow a good view of the entire retina. Only an eye doctor can do this exam.
At times, special photographs of the back of your eye
Your eye doctor may ask you to come more or less often than every year.
David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.